12 Best Adobe Lightroom Alternatives in 2023 [User Tested]
Want to avoid Adobe's monthly subscription fees? Check out these great Paid & FREE photo editing alternatives to Lightroom for Mac & PC.
If you don’t want to pay for a Lightroom subscription to manage and edit your photos, you need a Lightroom alternative.
Depending on your needs, there’s photo editing software that offers similar file management (DAM) features and RAW image editing tools as Lightroom.
Some of them are desktop-only, while others are online or app-based – perfect if you’re looking for an alternative to the Lightroom Mobile app.
Similar to Lightroom with powerful AI editing tools to improve images in less time. Affordable one-time-fee (no subscription) and easy for beginners.
Use code shotkit10neo to save $10.
Free Lightroom alternatives also exist, and most of the paid software offers a free trial so you can experiment before you buy.
Adobe lost a lot of its users when it removed the option to buy Lightroom outright – now’s your chance to grab an alternative image editing software that’s right for you.
When I tested the most recent versions of each software, I was surprised at just how far the features have come in 2023.
…and the good news is the best options are actually more affordable than Lightroom.
What is the Best Alternative to Lightroom in 2023?
|Skylum Luminar||View Price →|
|On1 Photo RAW||View Price →|
|Mylio Photos||View Price →|
|DxO PhotoLab||View Price →|
|Capture One||View Price →|
|Darktable||View Price →|
|Affinity Photo||View Price →|
|Photoshop Express||View Price →|
|Polarr||View Price →|
- Affordable one-time price
- Easy and fun to use
- Effective one-click presets
- Impressive AI tools
- Excellent portrait enhancers
- Fast RAW image imports
- Limited photo management features
- Limited print and export options
- Disappointing mobile app
Luminar Special Offer
Save $10 by using code shotkit10neo when purchasing Luminar.
Out of all the Lightroom alternatives available this year, Luminar is still my number one recommendation.
It offers all the core RAW image processing tools photographers will ever need; several mind-blowing AI-powered tools for editing photos that no other Lightroom alternative offers.
To top it all, it’s affordable and available to purchase outright (no subscription).
If you need advanced digital asset management for your image library you’ll need to look elsewhere, but for the majority of photographers, Luminar’s folders and collections will be enough to keep images organised.
Those who have little interest in spending hours on complicated edits in Lightroom or Photoshop will love the most recent release of Luminar (Neo).
Complex editing tasks which would normally take experienced retoucher hours in Photoshop can be performed in just one click with Luminar by a complete beginner. Thankfully, it’s also a refreshingly affordable image editing software.
Replacing the sky, changing facial features or body shapes, removing powerlines and dust spots, adding sun rays that wrap around foreground objects – all this can be achieved in seconds with zero prior editing experience.
During my tests, I made the video below using a JPEG of the Eiffel Tower to test Luminar’s capabilities – it made the sky replacement edit in just one click, and every gap in the tower shows the new sky perfectly:
Even the latest version of Adobe Lightroom only offers one tool which takes advantage of AI in the form of image masking, which Luminar already has too.
Much of the excitement surrounding Luminar has been centred around the AI photo editing features. However, Luminar is actually a competent non-destructive RAW photo editor too, offering all the main tools required to get images looking better.
Luminar is particularly great for beginners or those not coming from Lightroom. All the features are user-friendly and simple to use, with virtually no learning curve.
Existing Lightroom users will appreciate the similarity in tool layout, shortcut keys and slider-based image adjustments – all the basic tools that exist in Lightroom’s Develop module are also present in Luminar, including more advanced features like Curves and LUT Mapping.
As soon as you import a photo into Luminar, artificial intelligence analyses its content to provide some recommended overall edits in the form of presets that are unique to each photo – selecting one is usually enough, with no further edits required on the user’s behalf.
Many Adobe Lightroom alternatives also feature presets, but they don’t tailor themselves automatically to each individual image as they do in Luminar. This means you need to spend time making further adjustments to meet your desired look.
Another advantage over Lightroom is that Luminar’s image library mirrors your hard drive – i.e., if you move or rename your images or folders outside of the software, it adjusts its catalogue accordingly. You can even drag and drop images from your computer into Luminar.
This makes image management much easier – if you know how to use OSX Finder or Windows Explorer to organise your folders, you already know how to use Luminar’s library.
Luminar Extensions are an exciting new way to further enhance the Neo software, allowing you to do things like upscale your photos without losing quality, turn city lights into star bursts, sharpen subjects and more.
As for overall performance, Luminar is much quicker than Lightroom at importing RAW images – as it’s simply referencing files on your hard drive, there’s no long import sequence – your images just appear in Luminar immediately.
In my tests, I used a 2021 MacBook Pro with 32GB of RAM and Luminar Neo ran flawlessly, although there is a split second delay when processing complex AI edits for the first time.
Luminar also runs natively on the Mac M1 chip, meaning your MacBook battery will be spared even when running processor-intensive tasks.
That said, Lightroom is still quicker at performing batch edits of multiple large RAW files – performance depends on the size of the original file and your computer hardware, but Luminar isn’t a viable alternative to Lightroom for wedding photographers, or anyone needing to edit thousands of RAWs quickly.
Overall, Luminar is better than all the other Lightroom alternatives in 2023 due to its simplicity, excellent core editing tools, powerful one-click AI features and affordable one-time pricing.
(A subscription is also available, which gives access to the newly released Luminar Extensions.)
Overall, is Luminar better than Lightroom? For certain complex editing tasks, yes, For image management, no, but since you can use it as a plugin alongside Lightroom, you get the best of both worlds.
Luminar is available for Mac and Windows and offers a 30-day money-back guarantee so you can decide if it’s the right Lightroom substitute for you.
- One-time purchase
- Layer-based workflow
- Great file management/organization
- Support for lots of cameras/lenses
- Useful snapshots feature
- Powerful AI features
- Excellent presets
- Slightly confusing interface
- Steep learning curve for beginners
- Occasional loading delays
- Needs powerful computer
ON1 Photo RAW Special Offer
Save 20% by using code SHOTKIT20 when purchasing ON1 Photo RAW.
ON1 Photo RAW is another of our favourite Lightroom alternatives, and the latest version brings in a number of new features that we tested in our ON1 review.
Unlike more of the other Lightroom competitors, it combines an image organizer, RAW file processor, layered editor, and effects app all in one.
The user interface isn’t as simple or as streamlined as Luminar and there’s definitely a higher learning curve, but ON1 comes with a number of features that advanced users might appreciate.
The first is the excellent photo management and library system, which is browser-based – Like Luminar, there’s no need to import images, but what sets it apart is the extensive search features.
You can locate your images by searching by keyword, metadata, date, and even the time the image was taken. This is crucial to those of us who depend on our metadata for finding and managing our photos. You can also create custom camera profiles with the new X-Rite Camera Profiler.
You won’t have the options for backups or the overall flexibility of Lightroom’s catalog system, but that’s to be expected in a database-style image editing software.
The develop module is structured much like Lightroom and is a bit more complex for those new to image editing. That being said, ON1 has all the photo adjustments you would expect from a Lightroom replacement, including various new AI features.
One handy tool that’s unique to ON1 is AI Match, which takes any custom settings you use in-camera and matches them with a RAW conversion rendered by the software. This is especially useful if you shoot in black and white or using custom film looks, as is common with Fuji cameras.
ON1’s Effects module includes a couple of proprietary filters, including ‘Weather’, which even lets you add rain or snow to an image.
As for artificial intelligence, ON1 Photo RAW 2022.5 has added a number of new features, including NoNoise AI, Sky Swap AI, and full integration of the popular ON1 Resize AI software, useful for upscaling photos with minimal degradation.
AI Quick Mask is another impressive tool, saving you hours when making multiple selections.
Many of today’s Lightroom alternatives come with layer functionality, and ON1 is no exception. These work much the same as Photoshop and inPixio, with masks, blend modes, and an easy way to merge layers.
Speaking of layers, both Lightroom and ON1 have HDR and Panorama options, but ON1 also has Focus Stacking. (Neither Capture One nor Luminar has HDR or Pano.)
Admittedly, not everyone uses these features, but if you do and want an all-in-one editor, ON1 has an edge up on the competition here.
As far as portrait editing is concerned, ON1 has long been at the top of the field for its price point. Portrait Mode automatically finds faces and creates a separate mask/adjustment panel for each one – from there, you can adjust the skin, eyes, and mouth individually.
ON1 also has several excellent built-in presets, over 100 new looks, new backgrounds, textures, and skies, although the sky replacement feature isn’t quite as accurate as Luminar’s.
For those who want prints, ON1 Photo RAW has a print module that adds some serious functionality to the app. It comes with a number of templates, including various options for individual prints, contact sheets, and tiled package prints. It also lets you add watermarks before you print.
Other new features include SmugMug integration, better noise reduction, an excellent map view mode, timeline albums, and a focus mask overlay so you can tell which photos are in focus. If you want to invest further, there’s even a new ON1 cloud sync service and mobile app – ON1 360.
Aside from the slightly complicated user interface, the only other small downside that I found during testing Photo RAW is the sluggishness in performance of some of the processor-intensive AI tools – a pop-up loading dialogue is a common sight.
All in all, ON1 Photo RAW is the only real ‘one-stop-shop’ photo editor available right now. Just about everything most photographers would ever need is here in one place. It’s faster than Lightroom, offers more search power than Luminar, does photo merging, has print options, and even allows for text to be added.
Best of all is the price of ON1 – it’s great value for money… especially when compared to a Lightroom subscription.
- Completely private (offline)
- No reliance on Cloud/Internet
- Great way to ‘rediscover’ forgotten photos
- Slick interface
- Easy & fun to use
- Facial recognition is entirely offline
- Excellent Map, Calendar & People organisation
- Unifies photo libraries across multiple devices/platforms
- Duplicate photo finder helps save space
- Can’t be purchased outright (subscription-only)
- Devices need to be on to sync
- Inaccurate import times (speeds were actually faster!)
If you’re looking for photo editing software with no subscription to replace Lightroom, Mylio Photos isn’t right for you. It’s not exactly a Lightroom equivalent, per se.
However, if you want the best photo management app on Windows, Mac, iOS, and Android, keep on reading.
Mylio Photos uses local media storage and device-to-device syncing to allow you to connect multiple image libraries together and access them in one location – all without the Internet or the Cloud.
This means it’s entirely private – a huge benefit for any photographer who feels uncomfortable about storing and sharing personal images online.
You choose to ‘share’ any photos or videos across your devices (or those of your family) via your own secure WiFi connection – as long as the devices are connected and active on the same WiFi network, the apps will sync your chosen videos and photos.
With Mylio, since you upload nothing, all your data remains completely private, and in this day and age of hackers and online piracy, that’s very reassuring.
Mylio also helps you find images faster via smart organization and search features, as well as offering handy image editing tools too.
While you won’t find many advanced editing tools like some of the other Lightroom alternatives, what it does offer is enough for most photographers needing to make their images look better.
RAW image processing is non-destructive and can be performed on any device – the mobile app is fast and responsive since all images are reduced, much like a Lightroom Smart Preview.
(You’re even able to transfer the full-resolution image from your ‘Vault’ to any of your devices if you need it.)
A key benefit of Mylio Photos is that it can be used across different platforms, meaning if your laptop is a Mac but your phone is an Android and your tablet runs Windows, you can still use it. This makes it great for families and small businesses where people are using a mix of products and platforms.
You can store and organize an unlimited number of photos and videos – the only limitations are the capacity of your devices. To optimize storage, photos are optimized to approximately 5% of their original size.
With Mylio, since you upload nothing, all your data remains completely private, and in this day and age of hackers and online piracy, that’s very reassuring.
The user interface is well laid out and easy to understand, making it great software for beginners or anyone who just wants a simple way to organize and edit photos.
Unfortunately, you can’t buy it outright, but there is a free trial to see if you like it. After the trial ends, the standard subscription pricing options are $99.99 paid annually or $9.99 paid monthly.
For anyone who values privacy above all else, Mylio is a great solution. The fact that it’s so good at managing multiple libraries of images is just a bonus.
4. DxO PhotoLab
- Can be bought outright
- Includes 2 or 3 activations
- Excellent RAW processing
- Best-in-class noise reduction
- Excellent lens correction tool
- Elite edition is expensive
- Basic photo organization features (DAM)
DxO PhotoLab is an image editor app that some photographers choose over Lightroom due to its powerful RAW processing engine.
Available as two different photo editing programs: ‘Essentials’ or ‘Elite’, you’ll definitely want the Elite version if you’re a professional photographer to take advantage of all the amazing new features of version 5.
DxO is best known for its impressive RAW processing tools, which automatically apply lens corrections and all the default processing adjustments when you start browsing a folder of RAW files.
A handy feature is how DxO can automatically look up any missing camera and lens correction profiles that are required to provide the best RAW processing. However, most of these are already included in the software.
The user interface is similar to Lightroom and can be customized to mimic it further. All the basic editing functionality is there, with more advanced editing tools ready for you to take full manual control.
Smart Lighting is another feature exclusive to DxO, applying highlight and shadow adjustments to a RAW file to produce a more balanced image with increased dynamic range – this is especially useful to apply to a series of images and a real timesaver for landscape photography.
For editing particular areas of your images, the local adjustment tools are powerful and intuitive. Similar to Lightroom, you can apply them with a graduated filter tool and a manual brush.
Unique to DxO PhotoLab, you can also try your hand with a control line and control point tool to make local selections too.
The non-destructive editing is smooth and fast, and the latest versions bring with them a number of useful features, including:
- DeepPrime: demosaicing and denoising technology based on artificial intelligence and trained with deep learning.
- Support for Fujifilm X-Trans files: apply the same film looks to your RAW files as your Fuji camera does with JPEGs.
- Smart Workspace: dynamic interface with a simpler workflow with batch renaming.
- Advanced History: editing history tool to scroll back to different moments in the editing process.
- Selective Copy Paste: synchronizes the settings of several similar images by applying individual edits from one photo to another.
- Instant Watermarking: add watermarks directly to your photos.
You can do many of the same things in DXO PhotoLab as you can in Lightroom with regards to image management and editing individual images, but for any non-destructive layer-based edits, you’ll need to resort to other software such as Photoshop.
In addition, while metadata management in the Photo Library is a new feature to modify, categorize and search for images using EXIF and IPTC and add keywords, DxO still lags behind Lightroom for bulk photo organization and management.
However, for professional photographers or perfectionist pixel peepers who want the best noise reduction and RAW processing, DxO is hard to beat.
5. Capture One
- Excellent RAW file conversion
- Tethered workflow second to none
- Powerful adjustment tools
- Customizable interface (can be made to look like Lr)
- Layer-based editing
- Powerful colour adjustment tools
- Annotations feature useful for teams
- Generous student discount
- iPad app now available
- License is expensive
- Complicated for beginners
- Lack of 3rd party plugins
- Limited file organisation
Capture One is a powerful software reserved more for professional photographers. It’s got a steep learning curve, and it’s geared more towards a tethered shooting/collaborative workflow as used in studios or teams.
Having said that, if you’re a pro who’s looking for something with better imaging capabilities than Lightroom and the other photo editing software available right now, Capture One is the tool to use.
With its latest release, Capture One offers exceptional RAW image file processing, image cataloging, layers, local adjustments, keystone adjustments, and just about all the features one would expect out of a pro image editing app.
If you moving from Lightroom, Capture One makes it a simple transition – you’re able to smoothly migrate your existing Lightroom files with an importer tool, and even customise the interface so it mimics Lightroom.
However, despite all the helpful tutorials and documentation, there’s still a steep learning curve to using Capture One proficiently.
Thanks to colour profiles that are tailored for every camera, any RAW file imported into Capture One will instantly look better than any other RAW photo editor. With Lightroom, for example, imported files have a more neutral starting point.
Capture One has more ways to manipulate colour than Lightroom, allowing you to make colour balance changes to shadow, mid-tone, and highlights, and a channel dedicated to skin tones.
Take a look at the video below to see how a talented portrait photographer uses the software to edit all his high-end fashion portraits. You’d be forgiven for thinking he’s using Photoshop – the edits are that intricate.
Capture One’s Color Balance tool is more like colour grading. Unlike most other editing programs, it doesn’t limit you to the 8-colour HSL panel – the Pick Color tool allows you to pick any colour or colour range in the photo.
From there, you can adjust the affected colour range, hue, saturation and lightness. The 3-Way option even lets you adjust the colour tint separately in the shadow, mid-tone and highlight areas.
Need to smooth out skin tones? No problem. Simply choose the Skin Tone tab, select a colour range, and adjust the uniformity sliders.
Unlike Lightroom, Capture One doesn’t offer different workspaces for different functions (i.e. library, develop, etc.). Instead, everything sits in one interface and you toggle through buttons to change functions – this mixed-asset management can be confusing at first.
Fans of Lightroom’s autocorrect features won’t be disappointed, since Capture One offers all of them, and actually improves their performance.
There are tons of adjustment options, many of which the average photographer would never use. If you thought Lightroom was tricky to master, just wait till you start exploring the capabilities of C1!
If you’re a photographer who shoots tethered to a computer, Capture One is much more reliable and fast than Lightroom. This is no surprise since tethered shooting functionality is one of the main reasons the software was developed.
Like Photoshop, but unlike Lightroom, Capture One allows you to edit in layers. Lightroom only has adjustment points for brushes or gradients.
When you use layers in Capture One, you can make targeted local adjustments to your photos and still use the majority of the editing tools available, not just the ones in a given tool. This is a huge benefit for those who like a fine level of control over photo manipulation.
To use Capture One regularly, you have 3 options: a monthly and annual subscription, and a lifetime license, which at around $434 is rather expensive. You can also download a free 30-day trial.
There’s also a free iPad app. However, users searching for editing apps like Lightroom may be disappointed – it’s still lacking features and surprisingly, it’s not free.
In summary, if you’re a pro who needs the most accurate editing capabilities, or are lucky enough to own a digital MF camera, Capture One Pro will help you get the most out of every image.
For everyone else and especially beginners, however, it’s overkill.
- User-friendly interface
- Basic file management features
- Multiple languages
- Powerful export system
- Repetitive tasks can be scripted
- Confusing interface
- Lacks keywording options
- RAW processing not very refined
Darktable is still the best free Lightroom alternative, offering a full-featured non-destructive image adjustment suite and extensive library management options.
It runs on Linux, Mac OS X / MacPorts, BSD, Windows and Solaris 11 / GNOME making it one of the few truly cross-platform image editors available now – I tested it on Mac OS X and it ran without issue.
Darktable can import a wide variety of standard, RAW and HDR image formats, including JPEG, CR2, NEF, HDR, PFM, RAF and more.
It also includes RAW processing for over 400 cameras as well as look-up tables (LUTs) and tethered-shooting support – pretty impressive for a 100% free app!
Alike Lightroom, the latest version takes advantage of GPU accelerated image processing, meaning most editing features are surprisingly fast.
As far as the UI is concerned, Darktable looks a lot like Lightroom, but the grouping of the editing modules still take a bit of time to get used to.
Once you get used to the user interface you can fully customize Darktable, setting it up for just the editing tools you want to use.
You can set up automatic scripts in Darktable to streamline your workflo and make repetitive tasks fast and more efficient – a unique feature that Lightroom nor any of its alternatives offer.
Darktable offers a powerful image export system, which supports Piwigo web albums, disk storage, 1:1 copy, and email attachments. It can even generate a simple HTML-based web gallery for simple online album creation.
Darktable also allows you to export to low dynamic range (JPEG, PNG, TIFF), 16-bit (PPM, TIFF), or linear high dynamic range (PFM, EXR) images.
In terms of support, Darktable comes with excellent, multi-lingual documentation – even the app itself is available in 21 languages!
Being open-source, there’s a whole host of user support forums, video tutorials, and instructional posts too. It’s also continually being updated, with many talented programmers working to improve it.
Professional photographers might have an issue with Darktable’s less-than-Lightroom ability to recover shadows and highlights, but most users won’t really notice the difference.
If you have a library with over 10,000 photos, it’s better to run another image management program alongside this app. (Most open source folks choose Digikam.
Overall, Darktable is the most developed of all the open-source free Lightroom alternatives and is well worth trying out.
- Quick importing
- Support for Windows, Linux and Mac
- Decent colour adjustments
- Lacks advanced editing tools
- Lacks Digital Asset Management (DAM)
- Lacks printing options
- Confusing user interface
- RAM intensive
RawTherapee is a free, cross-platform, open-source RAW image processing app for Windows, Mac and Linux. It’s a popular software for beginners or anyone who doesn’t want to invest in an Adobe Photography Plan to edit their images.
RawTherapee has all the standard editing features needed in a RAW editor and even includes advanced color controls and lens corrections.
Among its strong points are exceptional demosaicing, multiple denoising methods, and batch processing,
The RAW processing in RawTherapee is impressive for a free app, and it has a strong, devoted Fujifilm user following. (Fujifilm RAW files are notoriously challenging to render well.) In fact, many users prefer RawTherapee’s outputs to the other free Lightroom alternatives.
There’s also what seems like an infinite ability to fine-tune adjustments in RawTherapee. This can get in the way if you’re needing to edit quickly (i.e. use a single slider), but if you’re wanting full control it actually has even more options than Lightroom.
RawTherapee is available in over 25 languages and will soon have more, thanks to a very active community of open-source developers who keep the software updated with the latest camera and lens profiles.
Documentation and tutorials are scarce, but the online manual can be downloadable as a PDF and contains most of what you’d need to get started.
However, it lacks file management features and printing options, making it unsuitable for professional photographers.
Still, with the recent releases providing “hundreds of bug fixes, speed optimizations and raw format support improvements,” RawTherapee is still one of the best free Lightroom alternatives of the year.
- User manual (version 5.8)
- Easy to use
- Fun layouts and collages
- Powerful RAW editing tools
- Available for iOS, Android and Windows
- Limited editing tools
- Not for professionals
Photoshop Express is a freely downloadable mobile editing app and a worthy recommendation for anyone looking for a Lightroom alternative for iPad, iPhone, Windows or Android devices.
(It even works on Windows desktop computers and in web browsers too.)
While you can’t work on more than one photo at a time like you can with Lightroom batch editing, it offers all the RAW editing tools that many photographers will ever need.
Some of the features include resizing images, cropping, exposure adjustments, shadow/highlight/contast adjustments, red-eye removal, noise reduction and more.
Since Express is, at its heart, a Photoshop derivative, it also offers layer-based editing features such as a text editor, stickers, frames, a collage maker and even a handy watermark tool.
Fans of presets won’t be disappointed either, since Photoshop Express offers over 100 ‘Looks’, which are a one-click solution to make your photos look better.
Photoshop Express offers a handful of suprisingly powerful editing tools, including face-aware liquify, selective edits, auto-masking and even a replace eyes feature that opens up closed eyes!
One thing to note is that Photoshop Express doesn’t offer non-destructive editing like Lightroom – you’re always working on the original file unless a PSD file is saved – a function unique to iOS devices.
If you usually use a mobile device to take photos (don’t we all?!), Photoshop Express provides Templates to make fast edits, overlay text on your photos and have some fun with special effects – you can add bokeh overlays, light leaks, cutouts, smoke, noise, flares, borders and raindrops to your photos.
Another neat trick is the ability to generate scrapbooks and create custom stickers with your photos.
For beginners who want to improve at photo editing, the new Discover feed lets you see how other users created a look, and then apply the same edits to your own photos.
Clearly, Photoshop Express isn’t a replacement for Lightroom, but rather, a fun, simple and completely free photo editor that includes many of the basic features of Lightroom CC and some others that Lr doesn’t have.
- Simple user interface
- Basic and advanced tools
- Snappy to use
- Available for Android and iOS
- Lack of recent updates
- Lacks advanced tools
If you’re wondering what app is like Lightroom but free, here’s your answer.
Snapseed is a free photo editing app developed by Google, available for Android or iOS. Will over 100 million downloads in the Google Play store, it’s the most popular mobile photography app you’ll come across.
Featuring 29 tools and filters, including healing, brush, structure, HDR and perspective, Snapseed is remarkably comprehensive for a free app with no ads or paid upgrades.
You’re able to work on JPG or RAW files, tuning each image with various basic and advanced editing tools to make your images look better.
The selective ‘Control Point’ tool is particularly useful for selectively adjusting various aspects of your photo – you place up to 8 points on the image and assign seaprate adjustments and enhancements, with the Snapseed algorithm doing the rest.
Much like Lightroom’s healing brush, Snapseed’s allows you to do things like remove dust spots, powerlines and any other unwanted element from your photos with ease.
Something that Lightroom can’t do is add text or annotations to photos, but with Snapseed it’s simple.
Then there are all the various looks that can be applied to each image to get them ready to be shared on social media – grunge, grainy film, vintage, retrolux, noir, black and white and our favourite, the double exposure features that allows you to blend two photos much like in Photoshop.
For selfie-lovers, the face enhancement and face pose tools are fun and useful for doing things like sharpening eyes, adding face-specific lighting or smoothing skin.
The only downside is the lack of updates, with the last version released back in April 2020.
10. Apple Photos
- Slick user interface
- Plugin support
- Face recognition
- Visual look up
- Mobile app integration
- Mac only
- Lacks lens profile corrections
- Lacks layer-editing
Apple Photos, aka ‘Photos for macOS’ is an often overlooked free Lightroom alternative that comes bundled with every Apple computer.
Over the years, the Photos program has evolved into a fully-fledged non-destructive editing program and photo management tool with both basic and advanced tools for all levels of photographers.
With the latest macOS Catalina release, Photos includes intuitive search options for image management and cataloguing, powerful editing tools for local adjustments, and even cloud storage to ensure all your photos and videos are kept in sync with your Mac, Apple TV, iPhone, iPad and even your PC.
If you’re already an Apple device owner, using Photos to manage your images is a no-brainer. As with everything in the Apple ecosystem, everything ‘just works’.
Photos even has the ability to hide duplicate photos, and ignore random screenshots and receipts that most people photograph using their iPhones.
Lightroom Classic and the Lightroom CC Mobile app have made it easier and easier to integrate with the photos you already take on your Apple device, but they’ll never be a totally ‘native’ solution like Photos.
Photos uses A.I. to highlight what it considers to be your ‘best shots’ with a larger preview, and any ‘Live Photos‘ come to life as if you were viewing them on your mobile device – something that Lightroom, nor any of the other Lightroom alternatives can do.
Another nice touch is ‘Memories’, where the Photos app finds your best photos and videos and weaves them together into a short movie.
On the editing front, there are all the main exposure adjustment tools, as well as a comprehensive set of powerful but easy-to-use tools to transform your photos.
Again, as Photos is integrated so tightly with the iOS app, you’re even able to change lighting effects within the Mac program itself, or even the Live Photos into video loops – something no other alternative to Lightroom can accomplish, free or paid.
Professional photographers who want advanced tools or image management options may feel Photos falls a bit short, but as one of the truly free Lightroom alternatives, it’s hard to complain.
User guide (version macOS Monterey)
- Fast image processing
- Easy to use
- Great user interface
- Precise editing tools
- Default text is small and hard to read
- No smart object support
- No image organisation
If you’re looking for a professional editing app that combines the tools of Lightroom with the graphics manipulation capabilities of Photoshop, Affinity Photo is an excellent choice.
Unlike some of the other software on this list, Affinity Photo takes more after Photoshop than Lightroom. It offers layers, masks, smart objects, colour management, CMYK/RGB editing, and great RAW file conversion.
Affinity uses “personas” instead of workspaces, which may be a little confusing if you’re used to Photoshop.
As far as the learning curve is concerned, much like Lightroom, the tools in Affinity Photo are quite in-depth and will take some time to explore and learn. Luckily the interface is quite logical, and if you’ve used Photoshop before the tools will make sense.
The learning curve and lack of quality tutorials are the most significant barriers to new photo editors. Affinity Photo is a complex program and could use more high-quality educational resources.
Still, if you’re looking for a single piece of photo editing software that can replace the Lightroom/Photoshop subscription, Affinity Photo is one of the best options.
From focus stacking and panorama stitching to HDR merging and digital painting, it has just about everything you could want in an image editing software – the iPad app is also great.
At less than $50, Affinity is an amazing deal and there’s even a free trial.
- Free equivalent to Lightroom
- Slick user interface
- Powerful portrait enhancers
- Entirely online
- Online can be dangerous for editing important photos
- Substandard app
If you’re looking for a free online alternative to Lightroom, then it’s hard to beat Polarr.
Being online makes it platform agnostic, meaning that you can use it whether you’re on a PC, Mac, Linux or any other computing platform – all you need is an Internet browser.
There’s a wide variety of editing tools, including all the usual ones you’d expect when comparing to Adobe Lightroom, and plenty that it doesn’t have.
A nice touch for beginners is how each tool’s label has an icon which helps to explain what it does and brings some life and user-friendliness to the tool panel. You can even drag around the histogram panel and place it where you want inside the browser window.
Editing JPEG images is refreshingly quick, especially considering nothing is stored locally on your computer. You’re able to upload your own photos or experiment with various sample images from the Polarr library.
One caveat of an online photo editor is that nothing is saved – if you lose your power or your browser freezes, for example, all your edits will be lost. Another issue is that some users won’t be comfortable uploading personal photos, even though nothing is permanently stored on Polarr.
If you can get over these reservations, Polarr is a powerful and robust editing software with some advanced features not seen elsewhere for free – the portrait enhancement tools are particularly impressive, with some that rival Luminar.
Unfortunately, you can’t upload RAW images to Polarr, presumably to save on bandwidth. However, as long as you have a relatively high-resolution JPEG file, you can still expect some decent highlight/shadow recovery from the image processing engine.
There’s also a Polarr app, but it’s not as fully featured as the online version. Although both versions are free to use, there’s also a premium edition which offers features such as LUTs, Denoise, Masks, premium filters and custom overlays.
How I Test the Best Alternatives to Adobe Lightroom
With close to 10 years of experience as a professional photographer, I’ve used plenty of different photo editing software apps.
Over the years reviewing software for Shotkit, I’ve come to appreciate what’s important for both a professional and a newcomer to photo editing.
I approach these tests with certain criteria in mind: user interface, ease of use, performance, features and price.
With these in mind, I test each software from the perspective of a beginner, an enthusiast and a professional.
Since many professionals are already using Adobe Lightroom with no need for a replacement, the focus of this article was on others who are more likely to be looking for an alternative to Lightroom.
In my opinion, Lightroom is the best overall editing software, but I appreciate the ongoing subscription isn’t for everyone. That’s why ‘price’ was a big factor when testing the alternative options.
With regard to actual user testing, I spent time with each software, using the main tools and features to give a balanced review of strengths and weaknesses.
Why Replace Lightroom with Another Image Editing Software?
Adobe Lightroom is a powerful RAW photo editor and organiser with an amazing mobile app, but it does have its limitations.
Here are 7 reasons to choose one of the best Lightroom alternatives in our guide:
- Lightroom isn’t available to buy outright – you need to pay around $9.99 per month to use it.
- If you cancel your subscription, you can no longer access your Creative Cloud applications. You can continue to access your photos on your local hard drive through Lightroom for desktop, but not edit them (source: Adobe).
- Lightroom doesn’t offer as many AI-powered editing tools as other software.
- Lightroom has a steep learning curve and is complicated for beginners.
- The Lightroom image cataloging system makes file management confusing.
- Performance can be sluggish, especially on low-powered computers.
- No layer-based editing (requires Photoshop or other software)
See also: Alternatives to Adobe software
Other Common Comparisons to Lightroom in 2023
Recently in forums, I’ve seen users asking about how Lr compares to other popular picture editors.
Here are some of the most common comparisons:
Photo Mechanic vs Lightroom
Photo Mechanic and Lightroom are both excellent tools for managing and editing photos, they target different audiences.
Photo Mechanic is a lightning-fast photo browser and metadata editor, particularly popular among photojournalists and sports photographers. It’s known for its powerful batch processing capabilities and support for customizable IPTC metadata templates.
Lightroom, on the other hand, is a more comprehensive photo editing software that is designed for a wider range of users.
In addition to photo browsing and metadata editing, Lightroom provides a far broader set of editing tools. It also has powerful organizational features, such as the ability to create collections and can integrate with Photoshop.
Some photographers even use Photo Mechanic in conjunction with Lightroom for the best of both worlds in their workflows.
Photoscape X vs Lightroom
PhotoScape X is a free photo editing software that is designed for casual users who only need basic photo editing tools. It supports RAW image editing and is simple to use, with a user-friendly user interface.
It’s a pared-down version of Lightroom, for those who don’t need all the other bells and whistles.
However, for hobbyist and more serious photographers, Lightroom offers all the features needed to take image editing and management to the next level.
Pixelmator Pro vs lightroom
Pixelmator Pro is exclusive to the macOS, meaning Windows users are out of luck. It provides a full set of editing tools, including support for RAW, as well as a user-friendly interface.
It offers advanced features such as layer-based editing, but lacks the comprehensive editing tool set that Lightroom offers.
However, for only $49.99, the cost is attractive when compared to the Adobe subscription model.
Lightroom is also much more suited for image organizations, such as the ability to create Collections and use Smart Previews, and the integration with Photoshop is useful for detailed image manipulation.
How to Choose the Best Lightroom Alternative for You
Depending on your needs, there are several great image editors that can do a similar or better job than Lightroom. Here’s a summary to help you decide which one is right for you:
- Get Luminar if you need a powerful image editor which is easy to use and can be bought outright
- If you don’t like Luminar, get ON1 Photo RAW which offers similar features but isn’t as easy to use
- Get Mylio Photos if you want a private & secure way to manage your photos/videos across multiple devices
- Get DarkTable or RAWTherapee if you want a basic but free photo editor without any bells and whistles
- If you need an alternative to Lightroom CC/Mobile, get Photoshop Express
- If you want a powerful Lightroom alternative for iPad, get Snapseed
- If you can only edit online, use Polarr
Adobe Lightroom Classic is the world’s most popular photo editing software, but it definitely isn’t for everyone.
Lack of layers, a confusing file management system, sluggish performance, and a subscription-only payment model are some of the reasons why you might be looking for a Lightroom replacement.
How much does Lightroom cost? Well, if you opt for the 20GB Photography Plan, it’s $9.99 per month, which includes Lr and Lr Classic, as well as Photoshop.
In my own personal case as a professional photographer, I subscribe to the Adobe Photography Plan and use Lightroom and Photoshop regularly.
Even though I’ve tried all the best Adobe Lightroom Alternatives, I still find I need Lightroom in both my personal and professional workflow.
Features like fast batch-processing of thousands of images, streamlined imports/exports, advanced editing tools and the excellent mobile app/cross-device cloud integration mean that Lightroom is a justifiable expense for me. Even if I weren’t a pro photographer, I’d still use it.
In conjunction, I also use Mylio Photos to manage all the photos and videos across all my family’s devices – I love the ability to do all this privately, and the face tagging feature works extremely well despite being entirely offline.
What are you using to edit and organise your photos? Feel free to leave any comments below with your experiences and recommendations, and don’t forget to check out our web story too. Happy editing!
- How much does Lightroom cost?
The basic Lightroom plan starts at $9.99 per month and comes with 1TB of cloud storage.
However, there’s also a 1TB Lightroom-Photoshop combined plan (called the Photography plan) for $19.99 per month. This one is also available in a 20GB version for $9.99.